Join Our Team

firthcourtbanner1We have a vacancy for a Research Associate in Global Public Health Nutrition.

The closing date is Mon 3 April 2017: note that there will be a quick turnaround for interviews (not stated on the ATJ).

Click here for more information.

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Cheap cider and an alcohol duty system that incentivises harmful practice

APE: Alcohol Policy and Epidemiology

Cheap alcohol and its association with harmful drinking have been at the centre of UK alcohol policy debate for almost a decade. Public health advocates have presented minimum unit pricing as a solution, but legal wrangles, political U-turns and the fine detail of devolution mean that the policy remains unimplemented in any UK country.

With their first choice policy on hold and a budget on the horizon, the Alcohol Health Alliance has, instead, turned its attention to taxation. The focus is on strong cider and the UK’s quirky system of alcohol duties which levies a uniquely low tax rate on some high strength ciders. This means that products such as Frosty Jack’s can be sold at budget prices. Indeed, you can help yourself to three litres of the stuff (equivalent to 24 shots of vodka or 22.5 units) from Iceland today for £3.50. These high strength, low cost ‘white…

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Obesity in secure mental health units: A call to action

Obesity rates among the general population are increasing, rising from 15% in 1993 to 26% in 2014.

However, for those with severe mental health problems, the rate of obesity is even higher due to the effects of medication, poor diet, alcohol misuse and less active lifestyles.

In addition, life expectancy of people living with serious mental illness is 15–20 years less than the general population and the need for parity of esteem between mental and physical health is a current priority.

As part of our role to provide advice to the NHS on specialised mental health services, PHE has published a review of evidence on obesity in adult mental health secure units and what the implications are for practice.

The impact of obesity for those in secure mental health services

Currently, around 6,000 people in the UK are detained in three high, 65 medium and 150 low secure mental health units due to their assessed risk to others or custodial sentences.

In these units, residents are not free to enter or leave at will.

A key finding of the review was that not only is obesity and overweight  more prevalent in the population detained within mental health secure units (with rates of up to 80% reported) than in the general population (around 60%), patients appear to be more at risk of weight gain when detained.

Factors influencing this include a combination of medication side effects, condition-related reduction in motivation for self-care, and environmental influences.

In mental health secure units, we also found evidence that there is a high risk of weight gain following admission, stemming from the combined effects of incarceration, ease of access to high calorific food, and the potential lack of access to recommended levels of physical activity.

The picture above highlights some of the risk factors we identified in the literature and the interaction between them

What interventions work in tackling obesity in secure mental health units?

A small body of exploratory research identified as part of the review highlighted that in order to address obesity and achieve parity of esteem between mental and physical health in secure mental health units, a number of elements must be in place.

These include access to evidence based health promotion approaches and the associated training and equipment required, a range of dietary and physical activity strategies to reduce the obesogenic environment and changes in policy at ward level that address staff and patient behaviour change.

Interventions require attention to national guidance, such as NICE guidelines and policies, alignment with quality assessment and robust evaluation.

However, there is strong evidence of the need to tackle obesity on the ground in secure settings, for example the rates of obesity are high and can worsen over time with standard care.

Evidence suggests that small sequential steps are currently being made to change culture, policies, and staff and patient behaviours. However, there is much more to be explored in terms of tackling the problem.

Interventions need to be evaluated in larger-scale studies to assess how effective and applicable different approaches might be for specific populations, in particular those detained in secure units.

Our review conclusions recommend a focus on the following factors to reduce obesity and improve health and wellbeing:

  • Implementing policies that increase access to healthier food choices and physical activities
  • Encouraging staff to role model healthy behaviours
  • Gradually changing ward or unit policy and culture to encourage healthy lifestyle choices
  • Providing activities that are enjoyable and social.

These changes can also impact positively on feelings of confidence and wellbeing and help ease mental health problems.

A partnership approach

As well as reviewing published evidence we have engaged with service users, clinicians, commissioners and academics in the fields of mental health and obesity in the development of this review.

Our conversations highlighted that secure mental health services need guidance to assist decision making around some of the factors identified in our report, with food policies as well as access to NICE recommended levels of physical activity highlighted as key areas where support could be developed further.

While we know food policies in particular can be challenging to implement for a variety of reasons, the amount of calories that residents access over and above the daily recommendations for maintaining a healthy BMI can be detrimental to physical health in the long term.

We have identified this as an area that we will continue to explore along with our partner organisations including NHS England, the CQC, and of course service users and clinical experts going forwards.

The review has been undertaken in collaboration with PHE Yorkshire and Humber and the University of Sheffield, supported by a Medical Research Council grant.

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Public Health Newsletter Issue 4 – February 2017

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Welcome to the latest issue of the ScHARR Public Health newsletter. We have some fantastic news to share with you this issue. One of our recent PhD graduates, Dr Jiban Karki, has been awarded the Chancellor’s medal in recognition of his humanitarian work in Nepal through the organisation PHASE Nepal. This is very well deserved – congratulations Jiban!  Read more about Jiban’s story below. Jiban will continue to collaborate with ScHARR colleagues over the coming years through his honorary contract with us.

There is plenty more good news in this edition. We have recruited five more excellent students into our Wellcome Trust Doctoral Training Centre (well done Petra for your immense hard work). The new cohort includes our very own Colette Kearney, who is currently working as an RA with Sam Caton. See below for brief biographies of all five.

Viola Cassetti appears in this edition’s “Meet our PhD students” slot (Viola began her PhD back in October, supervised by Katie and Tom), and the rest of the newsletter contains the usual mix of other news about grants, conferences and publications. Enjoy!


News from the Wellcome Trust DTC in Public Health Economics and Decision Sciences – Petra Meier

Firstly, let me give you a quick update on the 2016 cohort: Most of you will by now have met our five Wellcome PhD students Sarah Bates, Tom Bayley, Simon McNamara, Genevieve David and Robert Smith at section meetings or other activities. The students have been busy juggling their second semester modules, self-directed learning, research attachments – they join three different research teams for around 3x 8 weeks to get a feel for the breadth of ScHARR research and develop topic ideas – and extra sessions such as meeting public health and health economic decision makers.  Soon, they will need to narrow down their wide research interests and start working up proposals for their thesis research.
We are also excited (and, in my case at least, very relieved) to have completed the selection of five more wonderful candidates for the September 2017 intake from some 110 applicants. Unless something changes, we will welcome:
Nicolás Silva Illanes currently works as an Assistant Professor at the School of Public Health, University of Chile. His background is in medicine, with a Master in Public Policy and Master in Public Health. He is clearly somewhat addicted to masters degrees, as he is currently adding a Master in Biostatistics to his collection. He has experience across a range of public health and health economic topics, but has a special interest in health financing and in cancer research.
Naomi Gibbs has an undergraduate degree in economics and is currently completing an MSc Economics & Health Economics. She has significant experience working in the local and international charity sector as well as in higher education research management.
Sundus Mahdi studied psychology and completed an MSc in Health Psychology. Her research interests include weight management and behaviour change. Over the years she has cared for the mental health of both refugees and young children, carried out applied NHS research and interned at Public Health England. She currently works as a Project Manager at Sheffield Children’s Hospital.
Joseph (Joonhyung) Kwon, from South Korea, completed a BSc and MSc in Economics, and is now studying for an MSc Health Economics at York where he is also involved in a meta-analysis of utility values in paediatric populations. He is interested in the burden of disease of childhood chronic illness and the methodological challenges of economic evaluations research in paediatric populations.
Colette Kearney’s background is in psychology and human nutrition. She currently works right HERE in ScHARR Public Health, researching food preferences and eating behaviours in young children.
It is a demanding selection process involving application, shortlisting, interview and aptitude test, trying to satisfy a panel of people interested in public health, policy, stats and economics. Not for the faint-hearted so well done everyone, look forward to having you here!

Colette Kearney gives us an insight into why she applied for the Wellcome Trust PhD Scheme

I have really enjoyed working as a research assistant in Public Health, ScHARR for the past year and I applied for the Wellcome Trust PhD scheme because I am keen to continue my research into the preferences and eating behaviour of young children and how interventions targeted at children can prevent obesity. The scheme will not only allow me to develop my research skills beyond the RA level, it will also enable me to consider this area from a health economic perspective, with the potential to influence policy. I am really pleased that I can continue my research journey in ScHARR and look forward to starting the Wellcome Trust doctoral training scheme in September.


Chancellor’s Medal Award 2016 – Dr Jiban Karki

It was with immense pride and delight that we heard Dr Jiban Karki, one of our recent PhD graduates, has been awarded the Chancellor’s Medal for 2016 in recognition of the extraordinary work he undertook on humanitarian grounds before and after the devastating earthquake that hit his home country of Nepal in April 2015. Jiban took leave of absence from his studies and spent several months in Nepal, leading and managing the delivery of aid via his Non-Government Organisation, whilst continuing to help raise funds to carry out immediate emergency activities to provide shelter, food and health aid, as well as more long term recovery and reconstruction. It was this selflessness of putting his fellow country people above his own needs, studies and life here in the UK that made him such a worthy recipient of this award. Jiban will receive his award at a formal presentation and citation at his degree ceremony in July 2017.

Here Jiban tells us what receiving the award means to him.

I would like to thank the Vice Chancellor and the Faculty Pro Vice Chancellors for awarding me the Chancellor’s Medal 2016 as recognition of my work with PHASE Nepal. I would also like to take this opportunity to thank Deborah Sporton, Matt Watson, Simon Rushton, Julie Balen and my colleagues at the University of Sheffield for noticing my work and nominating me for the medal. Furthermore, my special thanks go to those who generously supported PHASE Nepal especially after the devastating earthquake in Nepal, and to my colleagues in Nepal without which we would not have achieved what we have. I feel it is a combined achievement of all of us who were involved in this work by helping and implementing the work of PHASE Nepal. It is my honour to receive this medal for all of us, I only happened to be there at the right time. I find it difficult to find the right words that express enough how grateful PHASE Nepal and I are for getting this recognition, it is our lifetime achievement. It encourages me and my colleagues to do more.


PHASE Nepal (www.phasenepal.org) is a development NGO established in 2006. It implements integrated community development programmes in Health, Education and Livelihood improvement in hard to reach remote areas of Nepal. At the time of 2015 Nepal Earthquake many of PHASE’s staff were in two of the hardest hit districts of Nepal, including our senior management team who were on their way to project supervision. Regardless of our own losses, worries and challenges we responded to rescue and relief work immediately with our reserve resources initially and later continued with financial and moral support from people and organizations around the world including those from the University of Sheffield. Immediately after the earthquake, in addition to its regular work, PHASE Nepal provided temporary shelter materials, food, wash kits, seeds, construction tools and solar lights to over 14,000 households and built about 60 temporary learning centres for schools and temporary spaces for health facilities. PHASE also provided psychological counselling and provided learning materials to teachers and students in some of the affected schools. Currently PHASE is involved in reconstruction of permanent wash facilities, school buildings and health post buildings in Sindhupalchok and Gorkha districts. This has been possible with support from people like you at the University of Sheffield and around. Unfortunately, people are still living in temporary makeshift shelters waiting for the resources to build their permanent dwellings. Therefore, there is still a need do more to build a permanent liveable place for many people to live a decent life.  If you are interested in PHASE’s work or want to support please visit our website above.


CONFERENCE NEWS
Nick Fox, Honorary Professor of Sociology, is organising the second British Sociological Association conference on Society, Environment and Human Health, following the success of the inaugural conference in 2016.

The conference takes place at the University of Cardiff on 27 October 2017.  The guest speaker is Dr Ben Wheeler (University of Exeter), on ‘Natural environments, health and inequalities: evidence and policy’. A call for short papers will be launched shortly, and further details may be obtained from Nick.  The registration fee for the conference will be £30 for staff, £15 for full-time students.


Major international alcohol conference to be hosted by ScHARR
5-9 June 2017

KBS 2017 – 43rd Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society
http://www.kbs2017sheffield.co.uk/

Several members of the Sheffield Alcohol Research Group are currently very busy preparing to host the 2017 KBS conference. This annual five day event attracts alcohol researchers and policy experts from around the world to share their current work in progress. Although billed as an epidemiology conference, KBS attracts papers from a wide variety of disciplines, such as psychology, sociology, criminology, economics, history and other sciences on topics as diverse as drinking patterns, social inequalities, industry involvement, treatment, and harm to others.
The conference has a proud tradition of egalitarianism: papers are presented in themed pairs followed by comments from a discussant. However, these groupings are chosen on the basis of shared interests rather than seniority, and so provide a great opportunity for interaction irrespective of experience.
To show Sheffield at its finest, the conference welcome reception will be held in the Winter Gardens and the conference dinner at Cutlers’ Hall. Social tours are always held on the Wednesday afternoon of the conference: the choices this year will be a tour of Chatsworth followed by a dinner, a trip to Castleton for a walk in the Peak District, or a view into Sheffield’s industrial past at Kelham Island Museum.
Various members of SARG are also already limbering up for what some regard as the highlight of the conference – the Tuesday evening ‘friendly’ football match – open to all delegates willing to risk injury to either body or ego!
Thanks to those involved in the conference organisation and/or scientific committee: John Holmes, Jenny Doole, Rob Pryce, Petra Meier, Sidney Sherbourne, Laura Webster, Penny Buykx, and colleagues from York, London, Liverpool and Stockholm.

ScHARR team presenting work at the
Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research
Vancouver, November 2016

Health Systems Global (HSG) is the first international membership organisation fully dedicated to promoting health systems research and knowledge translation. Every 2 years it organises a symposium to bring together its members with the full range of players involved in health systems and policy research. There is currently no other international gathering that serves the needs of this community – making the symposia highly attractive to academics, practitioners and students alike.

In November 2016 the Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research was held in Vancouver, Canada. Among several thousands of abstracts submitted, ScHARR staff and students had success with their submissions, including oral, poster and e-poster presentations. Thanks to generous funding from HSG as well as ScHARR public health section and others, a number of us were able to attend and present work among peers from around the world.

The symposium theme of “Resilient and Responsive Health Systems for a Changing World” fit well with the global health research conducted at ScHARR and we welcomed the opportunity to gain feedback on our work, attend a range of sessions – including ones exploring the opportunities and challenges of teaching health systems – and network with a range of partners and alumni. Apart from sharing our work and learning from others’, the symposium is an opportunity to be a part of a dynamic and interdisciplinary community aiming to build a field of research and transform health systems across the world.

We are already looking forward to the Fifth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research next year – in nearby Liverpool!


L to R: Maelle de Seze, PhD student, Sarita Panday, recent PhD graduate, Henock Taddese, PhD alumni, Andrea Madrid Menendez, PhD student, Samuel Lassa, recent PhD graduate, Vivian Ugochi Ukah , MPH-HSR alumni, Muhammad Saddiq, University Teacher, Julie Balen, Lecturer in Global Health) – Also presenting work but not in the photo: Jiban Karki, recent PhD graduate, Mrinalini Anand, EuroPubHealth student


Funding and Grant Wins

We had recent success with two applications to World Universities Network (WUN) for Research Development Funding:
Sarah Salway working with Jill Thompson from Nursing and Midwifery (PIs) to study issues of health and well-being in migrants.
Robert Akparibo and Julie Balen are co-investigators on the study Mpower:Empowering women for health.
The application process was very competitive and our researchers made the only two successful Sheffield applications and two out of twelve worldwide in this round so a great achievement!


Julie Balen also has good news to share – British Council Newton Fund was awarded for a bilateral workshop on Neglected Diseases, with China to the total amount of 50,000 GBP. Julie is co-investigator and the ScHARR lead for this work, the PI is based at Queens University, Belfast. Although small it does tap into significant networks within China as well as a new collaboration with Queens. The workshop is scheduled for mid June in Shanghai.


Yorkshire Health Study interview for Sheffield Live TV

Clare Relton, project lead, was recently interviewed for Sheffield Live TV on the Yorkshire Health Study (and the Yorkshire Health Calculator). If you missed it, you can hear the interview here


Congratulations to Kelly MacKenzie who was successful in the recent round of the NIHR Fellowship Programme and has been offered a prestigious NIHR Doctoral Research Fellowship. Read more about Kelly’s amazing achievement and future plans here


Confirmation review passed

Serena Vicario successfully passed her confirmation review in December 2016.

Congratulations to our new Higher Education Academy Fellows recognised through the Personal Pathway of the Learning and Teaching Professional Recognition Scheme:

Sarita Panday
Fellow (FHEA)
Jennifer Burr
Senior Fellow (SFHEA)
Katie Powell

Senior Fellow (SFHEA)

Meet Viola Cassetti – PhD student

I’m Viola, I graduated as an anthropologist in 2010 and worked for about three years in Nicaragua and Mexico in community projects in rural areas. I came back to Europe two years ago to undertake the European MPH course, starting at ScHARR for my first year and moving to Grenada, Spain to specialise in health promotion and salutogenesis for the second year. During this time, I worked as a research assistant on a study to improve model of care for children’s’ eye services, with ScHARR and CLAHRC, and collaborated with the Director of Public Health Service in Valencia, Spain to develop local guidance for community actions in health promotion.

This past October, the great new adventure of the PhD has started. Under the supervision of Katie Powell and  Tom Sanders, my research will look at how asset based community health promotion programmes can help reduce health inequalities and will involve a cross-case analysis between Valencia (Spain) and Sheffield. In both areas, local interventions are focusing on improving communities’ wellbeing by enhancing people’s skills and promoting social cohesion. Looking at these two different settings, the aim of my research is to contribute to the understanding of how, for whom and in which circumstances asset-based approaches can promote health in communities and help reduce inequalities.


Recent Publications

Cooper R, Tsoneva J – Benefits and tensions in delivering public health in community pharmacies – a qualitative study of healthy living pharmacy staff champions
DOI 10.1111/ijpp.12323

Johnson M, O’Hara R, Hirst E, Weyman A, Turner J, Mason S, Quinn T, Shewan J, Siriwardena Niroshan A – Multiple triangulation and collaborative research using qualitative methods to explore decision making in pre-hospital emergency care
DOI 10.1186/s12874-017-0290-z

Stok FM, Hoffmann S, Volkert D, Boeing H, Ensenauer R, Stelmach-Mardas M, Kiesswetter E, Weber A, Rohm H, Lien N, Brug J, Holdsworth M, Renner B. 

The DONE framework: Creation, evaluation, and updating of an interdisciplinary, dynamic framework 2.0 of determinants of nutrition and eating.PLoS One. 2017 Feb 2;12(2):e0171077

Sullivan RK, Marsh S, Halvarsson J, Holdsworth M, Waterlander W, Poelman MP, Salmond JA, Christian H, Koh LS, Cade JE, Spence JC, Woodward A, Maddison R.
Smartphone Apps for Measuring Human Health and Climate Change Co-Benefits: A Comparison and Quality Rating of Available Apps. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016 Dec 19;4(4):e135.
DOI 10.2196/mhealth.5931

Condello G, Ling FC, Bianco A, Chastin S, Cardon G, Ciarapica D, Conte D, Cortis C, De Craemer M, Di Blasio A, Gjaka M, Hansen S, Holdsworth M, Iacoviello L, Izzicupo P, Jaeschke L, Leone L, Manoni L, Menescardi C, Migliaccio S, Nazare JA, Perchoux C, Pesce C, Pierik F, Pischon T, Polito A, Puggina A, Sannella A, Schlicht W, Schulz H, Simon C, Steinbrecher A, MacDonncha C, Capranica L (2016). Using concept mapping in the development of the EU-PAD framework (EUropean-Physical Activity Determinants across the life course): a DEDIPAC-study. BMC Public Health.  9;16(1):1145.
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3800-8

Akparibo R, Harris J, Blank L, Campbell M J, Holdsworth MSevere acute malnutrition in children aged under 5 years can be successfully managed in a non-emergency routine community healthcare setting in Ghana
DOI 10.1111/mcn.12417

(Note –  accepted for publication in the Maternal and Child Nutrition Journal expected to be out soon)

Vedio A, Liu Eva Zhi Hong, Lee A, Salway S Improving access to health care for chronic hepatitis B among migrant Chinese populations: A systematic mixed methods review of barriers and enablers

Mackenzie K, Till S, Basu S – Sedentary behaviour in NHS staff: implications for organisations
DOI 10.1093/occmed/kqx010

Iliyasu Z, Galadanci H S, Ahmed Z, Gajida A U, Aliyu   M H
Prevalence and Patterns of Sexual Activity during Pregnancy in Kano, Northern Nigeria


Nick Fox, Honorary Professor of Sociology, has also recently had a new book published:  Fox, N.J. and Alldred, P. (2017) Sociology and the New Materialism.  London: Sage.

 

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ScHARR success in NIHR Fellowships

kelly-mackenzieCongratulations to Kelly Mackenzie who has been awarded a a prestigious NIHR Doctoral Research Fellowship.

This blog has previously reported on Kelly’s MPH project: Sit Less ScHARR

Kelly aims to develop, implement and evaluate the feasibility of a low-cost, co-produced complex intervention to reduce sitting time in different workplace settings. Sitting for long periods is linked to higher risks of health problems e.g. heart disease, diabetes, obesity, depression, neck/back problems, and early death. Sitting in the workplace can be a particular issue due to the increasing number of desk-based jobs where staff can sit for an average of six hours a day. Replacing some sitting time with light activities, such as standing and walking, could be an important way to improve the public’s health. Therefore, there is a need to develop, test and review the feasibility of interventions aimed at reducing workplace sitting time.

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Chancellor’s Medal won by ScHARR PhD graduate Jiban Karki

jibankarki

The winner of the Chancellor’s Medal 2016 is Jiban Karki from the School of Health and Related Research.

The Chancellor’s Medal is being awarded to Jiban in recognition of the extraordinary work he undertook on humanitarian grounds before and after the earthquake in Nepal in April 2015, a Country with which the University has strong links. As Executive Director of PHASE Nepal (Practical Help Achieving Self-Empowerment), a non-governmental organisation he helped to establish in 2006, Jiban’s vision and leadership enabled PHASE Nepal to deliver a huge range of relief projects to those in need whilst continuing its core work on health, education and livelihoods support in the most remote parts of Nepal.

On Friday 24 April 2015 Jiban was preparing his thesis and hoping for a rapid submission. The following morning a 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal with dire consequences. Almost 9,000 people lost their lives and over 22,000 were left injured and affected, physically, mentally and emotionally. Over 400,000 buildings collapsed and countless livestock, equipment and materials were lost or buried.

The University of Sheffield has many staff and students from Nepal. There is a thriving Nepalese Society and a field class for International Development Masters programmes that takes place annually. In fact, staff and students had just returned to Sheffield weeks before the earthquake.

By Monday morning after the earthquake a group of colleagues at the University of Sheffield, which included Jiban, gathered to discuss the devastating news. Given Jiban’s extensive knowledge of the Country, the work PHASE Nepal was doing prior to the earthquake, and fact that many of his family, friends and employees of PHASE were located in the worst affected regions, the group of colleagues turned to Jiban for direction and guidance. Despite his enormous personal loss, Jiban remained extremely professional and following his suggestion a joint plan of action was created under the banner of ‘University of Sheffield Friends of Nepal’ with the aim to raise £5000. Through the hugely generous support of colleagues, family, friends, and fellow citizens from Sheffield and elsewhere a staggering £14,642.26 was raised.

Jiban was instrumental in ensuring this reached and supported those most in need particularly remote rural villages which were at risk of being overlooked by larger organizations that were focusing on the capital city.

Jiban displayed selflessness, leadership and absolute dedication to the cause. He took leave of absence from his studies and spent several months in Nepal, leading and managing the delivery of aid through PHASE, whilst continuing to help raise funds, as we have heard achieving way beyond the hoped for target. He was able to mobilise people and resources locally to help the people most desperately in need in Nepal.

The money received through Friends of Nepal, PHASE Earthquake Appeal and large donors such as Caritas, Diakonie, People in Need and others, PHASE staff and volunteers were able to carry out immediate emergency activities reaching over 15,000 families. They provided shelter, food and health aid, as well as more long term recovery and reconstruction.

Jiban was also able to secure the use of ambulances and helicopters to evacuate people from villages to hospitals in Kathmandu. This was a tremendous feat for the organisation and an undeniably huge help for the victims of the earthquake, whose needs Jiban instinctively and without delay put ahead of his own academic work and personal tragedy.

Jiban continues to support those in need via his work at PHASE Nepal. Over the past 12 months, he has clearly shown attributes and skills which are strongly valued by the University: his unwavering commitment to help people and communities who are suffering and in need of assistance; his strong resolve to have a positive impact in the wider world through active global citizenship and his selflessness and outstanding achievement in leading his Non-Government Organisation during the most challenging times all which make him worthy to receive the Chancellor’s Medal 2016.

On behalf of the people of Nepal and The University of Sheffield community, we thank him for his humanitarian contributions during his doctoral studies at The University of Sheffield. Jiban is most definitely a worthy recipient of the Chancellor’s Medal 2016.

Originally posted at https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/students/news/chancellors-medal-2016-1.678961)

 

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ScHARR In the media in 2016

ScHARR’s research and collaborations receive a lot of coverage in the press and across social and traditional media platforms. We have looked back over the past year to pick out a few highlights from some of our work that received coverage and how far it reached across social media and other notable web citations.

According to Altmetric.com our research and collaborations with external partners recieved 23,840 mentions in 2016 with a couple of weeks still to go. Altmetric tracks all of our research outputs, so many of the new mentions were also for research pre-2016, but we will take a look at a few of the notable highlights from this year’s outputs.

Of the 23,840 mentions, 820 were news items, our research was cited in 76 policy documents, 82 Wikipedia citations and links within F1000. On social media our research was mentioned in 20,661 Tweets, 1,678 Facebook Shares and 97 Google+ shares. Our output reached as far as the Chinese social network Weibo on 15 occasions. whilst it was linked and featured on 340 blogs, pinned on Pinterest, mentioned on open peer review and ranked on Reddit as well as featured in 11 videos. Our research and collaborations were Tweeted about in 86 different countries with the United Kingdom, United States, Australia, Canada and Spain being the most prominent communicators.

It is important to say that this is the research mentions we are aware of, as Altmetric can only track research that has some kind of digital object identifier – such as a PubMed ID – in the communications.

image of altmetric data for 2016

Our Sheffield Alcohol Research Group continued their strong research output alongside collaborators again. ‘Are recent attempts to quit smoking associated with reduced drinking in England? A cross-sectional population survey’ received a lot of attention with 34 mentions in the news media. Top Sante, Metro News, NHS Choices, Google News alongside many regional news publications ran stories based on the conclusions from the research.

A collaboration between South Yorkshire partners at Sheffield Children’s Hospital, Goldthorpe Medical Centre and ScHARR received coverage across the web. The paper was titled: Primary care services located with EDs: a review of effectiveness.
Professor Suzanne Mason, Colin O’Keefe and Suzanne Ablard’s collaboration with Shammi Ramlakhan and Alicia Ramtahal was covered by Pulse, Nursing Times, OnMedica and Medpage Today, as well as a flurry of 134 Tweets.

Dr Andrew Booth’s paper ‘Searching for qualitative research for inclusion in systematic reviews: a structured methodological review’ received a lot of traction thanks to 216 Tweets as well as a mention on the Evidently Cochrane Blog.

Building the Evidence Base of Blood-Based Biomarkers for Early Detection of Cancer: A Rapid Systematic Mapping Review was mentioned by a dozen news outlets. The research was featured in news by Science Daily, Genomeweb, Medical News Today, Health Medicine Network and Health Canal among others. The work was done by Lesley Utley, Helen Buckley Woods and Susan Harnan with collaborators based at institutions in the Midlands.

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Public Health Newsletter Issue 3 – December 2016

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markstrong1

It’s certainly getting cold as we head towards Christmas. What better to do than read the Public Health newsletter with a hot cup of tea?

In this edition Dr Sarah Barnes and Dr Hannah Jordan introduce the Wild at Heart project (“Be Wild, Whatever Your Age”), and Prof Michelle Holdsworth shares news of an exciting new project on dietary transitions in Ghana funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and UKAid.

As part of helping staff and PhD students get to know each other we’ve decided to include a short piece in each newsletter that introduces one of our PhD students. In this issue we introduce Sophie Reale. Sophie has been a great help to me as part of a small group looking at how we integrate staff and PhD students better in Public Health – thanks Sophie!

Also noted are some congratulations, including for Prof Paul Bissell who is leaving at the end of January to take up the post of Dean at the School of Human & Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield. Paul – we will miss you!

Dr Mark Strong
Director


Dr Clare Relton, Senior Research Fellow from Public Health at ScHARR who is leading the team behind the Yorkshire Health Study  (supported by the NIHR CLAHRC Yorkshire & Humber) was recently interviewed for the Sheffield Telegraph to discuss the findings. The study aims to measure the city’s weight, drinking, mood and exercise habits.  You can read more about the research and Clare’s interview here.

As part of the work within the Public Health Health and Environment research theme, Dr Sarah Barnes and  Dr Hannah Jordan have recently carried out a small consultancy project to evaluate Wild at Heart, a Lottery funded intervention run by Sheffield and Rotherham Wildlife Trust(SWT). The intervention delivers wildlife-related activities for older people and other vulnerable adults in Sheffield to improve their health and well being; reduce isolation; and give them the confidence to get out and about in their community. You can read more about this interesting project here.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation/UKAid –
Funding to study dietary transitions in Ghana

We are very excited that our project on Dietary transitions in Ghanaian cities has been selected for funding as part of the Drivers of Food Choice Competitive Grants Programme, which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and UKAid.

Our project will specifically investigate dietary transitions in Ghanaian cities by mapping the factors in the social and physical food environments that drive consumption of energy dense nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods and beverages, contributing to the spread of diet-related non-communicable diseases.  The project will last for 24 months and is expected to start in January 2017. It will be implemented in two Ghanaian cities of different stages of dietary, demographic and epidemiological transition: in Accra (led by Dr Amos Laar and involving Dr Kobby Mensah from the University of Ghana) and in Ho (led by Dr Francis Zotor  from University of Health and Allied Sciences).

Besides involving staff from ScHARR (Prof Michelle Holdsworth, Dr Robert Akparibo, Dr Amy Barnes), in the UK it will involve collaborations with the Universities of Liverpool (Dr Mark Green) and Loughborough (Dr Paula Griffiths), and the UNESCO Chair on World Food Systems at the CIRAD in France (Nicolas Bricas).

We look forward to telling you more about the project once it is underway.

Picture: A fast food take-away stall in Accra, Ghana


PhD congratulations go to three of our PGR students on successfully defending their viva –
Samuel Lassa, Sarita Panday and Jiban Karki. Our very best wishes to all of them for the future!


Congratulations to Dr Evangelos Kritsotakis of Public Health, who was successful in the recent ScHARR ResearchStimulation PrizeCompetition for his project – Methodological and applied research on the clinical epidemiology of recurrent infections due to extensively drug-resistant pathogens in critically ill patients.


Promotion success

Congratulations to the following staff who have been promoted in this year’s promotion round:
Dr Sue Baxter
to Senior Research Fellow
Dr Vanessa Halliday
to Senior Lecturer
Dr Mark Strong
to Reader
Dr Janet Harris
to Reader


Departing for pastures new

Congratulations to Prof Paul Bissell our Director of Teaching and Learning, who will be leaving ScHARR at the end of January 2017 to take up the post of Dean of the School of Human & Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield.

Paul will be sadly missed but we wish him every success for the future. Hopefully we will still see him around in an honorary capacity.


Welcome! –  to new Public Health PGR and returning students

At our November section meeting we had the chance to meet some of our new PGR students and returning students, over a sandwich and a cup of coffee.

Thanks to all who came – we had a good turnout of both staff and students. It was a great opportunity to put a face to a name for both staff and students alike, and hopefully this will give us chance to get to know each other a little better!

All PhD students with a supervisor in Public Health are warmly invited to join us at our monthly Public Health section meetings. Tea and coffee, and usually some cake, is provided. The first 20 minutes or so are a time to catch up with friends and colleagues. People are welcome just to come to this, or to stay on for the rest of the meeting where we share news and discuss section and school issues.


Meet Sophie Reale – PhD student and this year’s student rep

Hi everyone, I am a second year PhD student in the strand of food and nutrition. I started my PhD in October 2015 after being awarded a fully funded faculty scholarship. Prior to this I completed a BSc Sport and Exercise Science and MSc Psychology at Sheffield Hallam University. During my undergraduate degree I completed a 6 week work placement at Rotherham Institute for Obesity and went on to be employed as a health care assistant and exercise therapist during the completion of my master’s degree. These experiences developed my research interests and led to the publication of two studies on menu labelling and food choices (Reale and Flint 2016a), and the impact of food labelling on visual attention in adult populations (Reale and Flint 2016b).

My current research is supervised by Dr Sam Caton and Dr Robert Akparibo. It remains in my field of interest but rather than working with obese adults, I am now working with toddlers and investigating portion size. The focus is on snack intake and portion sizes that caregivers serve to their young children. I will be using a mixed methods design combining responses from an online survey, interviews, observations and a pilot RCT.

In addition to completing my PhD I am this year’s PGR rep. I commenced the role in September 2016 in the hope that I would be able to make new PhD students feel as welcome to ScHARR as our previous reps made us feel.

Alongside attending meetings and organising social events, I decided that I wanted to enhance physical activity among students as we spend most of our days at our desks being sedentary! In the summer I managed to persuade some of the girls who had no experience playing football to attend fun weekly training sessions led by myself in Western park. This soon snowballed from 4 to 12 players and we now have a team in the university’s intramural league with weekly matches at Goodwin Sport Centre. We are yet to win our first match but we have scored our first goals and certainly have the biggest support every week, with thanks to our fellow PhD students.


Recent Publications

Dan Lewer, Petra Meier, Emma Beard, Sadie Boniface and Eileen Kaner
Unravelling the alcohol harm paradox: a population-based study of social gradients across very heavy drinking thresholds
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3265-9

Sarah Salway, Parveen Ali, Giles Ratcliffe, Elizabeth Such, Nasaim Khan, Helen Kingston, Oliver Quarrell
Responding to the increased genetic risk associated with customary consanguineous marriage among minority ethnic populations: lessons from local innovations in England
DOI 10.1007/s12687-016-0269-1

Constantinos Tsioutis, Evangelos I. Kritsotakis, Spyridon A. Karageorgos,
Soultana Stratakou, Charalambos Psarologakis, Sofia Kokkini, Achilleas Gikas
Clinical epidemiology, treatment and prognostic factors of extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients
DOI 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2016.07.007

HA Osei-Kwasi , M Nicolaou, K Powell, L Terragni, L Maes, K Stronks , N Lien, M Holdsworth  and on behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium.
Systematic mapping review of the factors influencing dietary behaviour in ethnic minority groups living in Europe: a DEDIPAC study.
DOI 10.1186/s12966-016-0412-8

Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Jef L. Leroy, Zuzanna Pieniak, Angélica Ochoa-Avilès,
Michelle Holdsworth, Wim Verbeke, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
Individual and Environmental Factors Influencing Adolescents’ Dietary Behavior in Low- and Middle-Income Settings
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0157744

Tim Pearson, Michael J Campbell, Ravi Maheswaran
Acute effects of aircraft noise on cardiovascular admissions –an interrupted time-series analysis of a six-day closure of London Heathrow Airport caused by volcanic ash
DOI 10.1016/j.sste.2016.03.004

Ravi Maheswaran
Air pollution and stroke –an overview of the evidence base
DOI 10.1016/j.sste.2016.04.004

Ravi Maheswaran, Tim Pearson, Sean D. Beevers, Michael J. Campbell, Charles
D. Wolfe
Air Pollution and Subtypes, Severity and Vulnerability to Ischemic Stroke—A
Population Based Case-Crossover Study
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0158556

Mark Strong
Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: a baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31467-2

 

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Video: Nicola Sturgeon praises ScHARR Public Health


Nicola Sturgeon MSP praised ScHARR Public Health section to a sold-out audience of 1,200 at the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI) annual lecture on “Scotland and the UK: economic policy after the EU referendum”

Transcript:

Nicola Sturgeon: “…and from my time as Health Secretary in Scotland I’m very aware of, and very grateful for, the quality of the work done by the School of Public Health here. Its Alcohol Research Group carried out  an extensive study on alcohol minimum pricing which underpins the legislation that the Scottish Parliament passed on that issue back in 2012.

Now, that legislation has faced significant court challenges, but following a positive court judgement last month we may now be getting to a position where we can implement it. If that is the case, then work done here in Sheffield will contribute to saving dozens of lives in Scotland every year. And the Public Health School, I think,  is a good example of the excellence of this University’s work.”

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International News

Welcome to the inaugural ScHARR International news bulletin where we share with you updates from the Internationalisation Committee and others from around ScHARR. Enjoy!

Welcome to Prof Luc De Witte

We’d like to warmly welcome Prof Luc De Witte who has recently joined ScHARR. Luc was previously professor of technology in care at Zuyd university of applied sciences and Maastricht University in the Netherlands, and runs an exciting and innovative ‘Health in Slums’ research project in India. Our staff have already managed to get involved in his work developing mobile technology for health in urban slums. Read Luc’s bio here.

Global Challenges Research Fund

This is a new £1.5 billion investment fund over the next 5 years for research projects that tackle international development issues. GCRF projects must be in countries eligible for development assistance. ScHARR has been involved in 5 of the 12 submissions from the University so far to the GCRF, and 2 have made it to the next round so we wait we bated breath for the results! Interested to find out more? Go to  https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/ris/application/gcrf

map

International Research Stimulation Event

Some of our team are hard at work organising a research stimulation workshop, planned for early January/February 2017 where we hope to generate some world class research ideas and bids. Watch out for this!

Global Health Systems Research

Later in November, a large contingent of global health researchers from ScHARR will be attending and presenting at the 4th Global Symposium on Health Systems Research in Vancouver.

hsgcanada

Superbugs in Turkey

Evangelos and Andrew recently returned from Istanbul where they have been working with Turkish clinicians on a study of infections with carbapenemase producing enterobacteriaeceae (i.e. the dreaded SUPERBUGS!) in patients in intensive care.

Andrew and Evangelos.pngA follow up visit in early 2017 is planned with our colleagues from the Department of Infection and Tropical Medicine, Royal HallamshireHospital to build up links.

Find out more about their visit here. (PS you may need to use Google translate if you’re not fluent in Turkish!)

Successful Gates Foundation bid

Congrats to Michelle Holdsworth and Robert Akparibo on their successful research bid to the Gates Foundation. They’ll be exploring dietary transitions in Ghanaian cities and mapping the factors in the social and physical food environments that drive consumption of energy dense nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods and beverages. Read more about it here.

In other news…

Visitors and new friends

In recent months, Dr Ishtar Govia from University of the West Indies (Jamaica), and Professor Sujan Marahatta from Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences (Nepal) came to visit. We’re also developing new links with University of San Francisco Quito (Ecuador) and Wits University, South Africa.

Goodbye Michelle!

We also say goodbye to our wonderful admin support and friend Michelle Johnson who amongst other things helped to look after ScHARRlotte when she was not on her travels and kept up ScHARRlotte’s blog. We are now looking for someone to come join our team and care for ScHARRlotte. If you are interested, please contact Andrew Lee or Denise Faulkner (D.Faulkner@sheffield.ac.uk )

scharrlottePhoto of ScHARRlotte on her travels in Bangladesh

 

 

 

 

Like to join our committee? The next meeting is on Tuesday 17 January 2016, Pemberton B. All welcomed!

Have an international story or bit of info you’d like to share? If so, contact Andrew (Andrew.lee@shef.ac.uk)

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